By Lyle Campbell
Historic linguistics — the learn of language swap — has lengthy been a cornerstone of linguistics. With its lengthy historical past, a number of subfields, and complicated terminology, it provides many demanding situations to scholars and students. This booklet is an important complement to classes in historic linguistics and the historical past of person languages. It presents an available, up to date, and largely consultant evaluate of ancient linguistics via explication of its major phrases and concepts.
Key good points:
-A convenient and simple to appreciate pocket guide
-Numerous move references to comparable terms
-New and conventional terminology
-Defines terminologies, offers examples and appropriate discussions
Distribution is proscribed to Canada and the U.S.
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Extra resources for A Glossary of Historical Linguistics
For example, in phonological reconstruction economy is achieved in a proto-system with smaller numbers of phonemes, involving the fewest changes to account for the reflexes found in the cognates of daughter languages. See also ease of articulation, simplicity. e-grade see ablaut elaboration Johanna Nichols’ term for language diversification, the splitting of a language into distinct daughter languages. 6 afterward). Elamite-Dravidian, Elamo-Dravidian (also called DravidianElamite) A controversial hypothesis of distant genetic relationship between Elamite and Dravidian.
Directionality of change The typical or expected direction of a linguistic change. Some kinds of changes, found repeatedly in independent languages, typically go in one direction (A > B) but usually do not (sometimes never) go in the other direction (B > A). For example, numerous languages have changed s > h, but change in the other direction, h > s, is almost unknown. Cases such as this illustrate the ‘directionality’ of the change. There is a 866 02 pages 001-242 6/12/06 08:52 Page 47 A GLOSSARY OF HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS 47 known directionality to many grammatical changes, as well.
Dialect is also sometimes used to refer to a daughter language of a language family. See cline, dialect continuum, new-dialect formation, dialect geography, variety. dialect atlas (also called linguistic atlas) An atlas (collection of maps) of a geographical region that shows the distribution of particular linguistic forms, especially traits that vary in the dialects of the region. See also dialect geography. dialect borrowing (also called dialect mixture) The diffusion of linguistic traits from one dialect to another, influence of one dialect on another.
A Glossary of Historical Linguistics by Lyle Campbell