By Michael Zimmerman
1. A learn and translation of the Tathagatagarbhasutra; 2. serious and diplomatic variants of the Tathagatagarbhasutra ; The variations [Tibetan and chinese language] contains broad biliographical references and index.
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Additional resources for A Buddha within: The Tathagatagarbhasutra: The earliest exposition of the Buddha-nature teaching in India
The honey is then used in an "appropriate" way. 41 To be exact, we need to deal in terms of an "old" and a "new" lotus simile (see above). However, here I will not differentiate between them but consider both as a unit. This is how the reader would understand things, and also follows the traditional exegetic approach. 42 See RGVIL8. 43 Not much is known about honey-collecting activities in India. In a pUblication of the year 1988 Eric Valli and Diane Summers describe how a group of "honey hunters" of the Gurung tribe in Central Nepal make their living by collecting and selling honey.
Similes OMlIB, 5, 6, 7, (8) and 9, on the other hand, share the term tathagatajnana and, what may be 9f more significance, they state that the Buddha teaches bodhisattvas (and not co=on living beings) in order to remove their defIlements. The awakened bodhisattvas are then expected to help again other living beings. However, I do not think that these differences are enough to support further text-historical conclusions, which could only be highly speculative. 35 the eight similes, and the formulation of the lotus simileitself,41 it became the most arresting, impressive and comprehensive illustration.
Taking it as such, we would have to translate the whole compound in a possessive relation to living beings as: I. "Living beings have an embryo of a tathagata" (tathiigatasya garbho ('sti) yesiirh te tathiigatagarbhiil;). II. (1) " ... have a tathagata in their womb (garbha),,,67 or (2) " ... " III. Or, assuming that garbha can have the meaning "core, essence," as (1) " ... have the tathagata-core" or (2) " ... (l) mirrors the understanding of the Tibetan when rendering the statement cited above as sems can 'di dag ni rtag tu de bzhin gshegs pa 'i snying po (can) yin ....
A Buddha within: The Tathagatagarbhasutra: The earliest exposition of the Buddha-nature teaching in India by Michael Zimmerman