By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized in basic terms because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and army controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did many of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few a long time. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic system and cultures of the past due moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, all of sudden ceased to exist, besides writing structures, know-how, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples on my own couldn't have brought on such common breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the reasons of this “First darkish Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of ways the tip was once caused by way of a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and rebellion to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas exchange routes. Bringing to lifestyles the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the past due Bronze Age and exhibits that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.
A compelling blend of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the advanced ties that gave upward thrust to, and eventually destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the overdue Bronze Age—and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Extra resources for 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed
11 Caphtor (or Kaptaru) was the Mesopotamian and Canaanite name for Crete, just as the Egyptians later called it Keftiu. The items had traveled a long way from Crete, acquiring what is now known as “distance value,” in addition to the inherent value that they already held because of the workmanship and the materials from which they were made. We also have a tablet that records an unusual situation, when Zimri- Lim, the king of Mari, sent a pair of Minoan shoes from Crete as a gift to King Hammurabi of Babylon.
The exact location of Punt is now lost to scholars and is still a matter of dispute. 37 Hatshepsut’s expedition was not the first sent from Egypt to Punt, nor would it be the last. Several had been sent during the Middle Kingdom period, and later, during the mid-fourteenth century BC, Amenhotep III sent a delegation. However, it is only in Hatshepsut’s record that the queen of Punt—named “Eti” according to the accompanying inscription—is depicted. , having a fleshy abdomen and massive— usually protruding— thighs and buttocks).
For example, we know of Minoan-manufactured objects that had been transported across the Aegean Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean all the way to Mesopotamia, the land between the two rivers—the Tigris and E uphrates—by the eighteenth century BC, nearly four thousand years ago. Documentation of this ancient trade comes from the ancient site of Mari, on the western side of the Euphrates River in what is now modern Syria, where French archaeologists excavated a treasure trove of more than twenty thousand inscribed clay tablets during the 1930s.
1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed by Eric H. Cline